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Kanji, Kana & Pronunciation
Romaji Hira-nui
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(n)satin stitch

Hira-nui is an embroidery stitch worked in a similar way to satin stitch. Untwisted silk floss is used and the resulting work is flat and shiny. Hira-nui is often used to completely fill in shapes such as flower petals and leaves.


Silk floss (untwisted thread) is used to work hira-nui. Long stitches are laid down to completely fill an area.


Hira-nui has been used in some form in Japan since before kimono were kimono, but as a decorative technique it attained popularity in the Momoyama Period. During the Edo period it was not controlled by sumptuary laws and saw a increase in use.

The labor intensive nature of embroidery means hira-nui is usually saved for embellishing formal pieces today.


Formality & TPO

TPO - Within Japan

Occasion Acceptable
Hotel Wedding Reception Yes
Restaurant Wedding Reception Yes
Formal Party Yes
Casual Party Yes
Dinner Yes
Lunch OK
Tea Gathering No
Graduation Ceremony No
Practice OK
Theatre, Concert OK
Exhibition OK
Travel OK
Yes - Acceptable to wear.
OK - OK to wear if no suitable alternatives.
No - Unacceptable to wear.

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